Iron Architectural Decorative Elements in the Urban Landscape of the Historic Centre of Lagos, Portugal. A Contribution for Sustainable Tourism

  • Ednei Pereira
  • Manuela Rosa
Keywords: Urban Landscape, Architectural Heritage, Cast Iron Decorative Elements, Wrought Iron, Sustainable Tourism

Abstract

Cultural sustainability matters tangible and intangible heritage, cultural diversity, and the cultural identity of territories. Historic centres have considerable heritage resources that honour the legacy and knowledge generated by humanity
in the past, and it is fundamental to preserve and transmit them to future generations. With the industrial revolution, innovative materials and techniques were developed. These are visible in 19th century buildings, as there was
an intensive use of decorative elements on their façades, in which the use of cast and wrought iron artwork stood out, such as the window grilles and balconies, fanlights and side panels, doorknobs, knockers and hinges, among
others. These metallic elements participate in the composition of the buildings, enhancing the urban landscape. The perception of the importance of these decorative elements in the architectural language of the buildings located in
the historical centre of Lagos, Portugal, led to an inventory of the iron elements on the façade of buildings, finding that they have specific characteristics in terms of shape or design, material, and symbolic representation. These
architectural elements are adapted to artistic movements and to distinct periods. This study presents the spatial distribution of cast and wrought iron elements indicative of the Romantic period of the end of the 19th century and
to the Art Nouveau period of the beginning of the 20th century. The results indicate that the decorative iron elements have great expression, giving aesthetic value to the urban landscape and cultural identity being an opportunity to
enhance the attractiveness of the historic centre through outdoor cultural routes.

References

Available in the full paper.
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Pereira, E., and M. Rosa. “Iron Architectural Decorative Elements in the Urban Landscape of the Historic Centre of Lagos, Portugal. A Contribution for Sustainable Tourism”. Journal of Tourism, Sustainability and Well-Being, Vol. 10, no. 2, June 2022, pp. 114-31, doi:https://doi.org/10.34623/q3q2-2617. Accessed 26 Sept. 2022.